Although the population of
Juarez is predominantly youthful and undereducated by U.S. standards,
the employable workforce can be characterized as energetic,
industrious, talented and trainable. About 31% of the population
is under age 15, the maquila industry employs approximately 6,996
of the total workforce. Growth rate is above average for border communities.
Currently almost 154,000 people
are employed in 242 Juarez maquilas.
El Paso averages 10 - 12%;
Juarez 5 - 8%, representative of its abundance of maquila jobs
Availability of Labor
Population and demographic
projections still point to above average growth, as expected to accompany
increased trade, border migration and higher birth rates. Juarez will
continue to offer new businesses a large and skilled labor pool for
the next twenty years.
High technology operations
can be found in a great number of Juarez maquilas, and recent new
locations have added even more complex process. Skill ranking are
arguably the highest anywhere along the border.
Education and Training
English is taught in all primary
and secondary systems and Juarez citizens have access to the Autonomous
University and Monterrey Technical Institute. Many maquilas provide
additional training to workers, including residency programs at locations
across the United States.
In general terms, turnover is
higher in Juarez because of a wide variety of labor choices for workers
and competitive wages paid for higher skill levels. Estimates typically
run 5 -15% per month for advanced operations like electronic manufacturers.
Lower turnover rates are experienced in those plants that have located in newer
industrial areas, closer to the housing growth and labor source.