Over 65% of the Hermosillo
population is under 30 years of age. Harvest times can constrict the
workforce, many leave to support the family farm or seek migrant work in
Arizona's Sonoran Valley. Hermosillo is also a way station or Mexican
migrant farm workers. More maquiladora growth in recent years has stabilized
the workforce. The influence of the successful Ford Motor plant has also
increased the labor force's overall technical skills.
333,641 persons economically active
between the ages 12 - 49.
Hermosillo's unemployment ranges
from 9% - 11%, depending upon the agriculture season.
Hermosillo literacy rate of 95% is
above average for border cities, with 88% of its workforce high school graduates
and an additional 8% having finished preparatory or technical school.
Education and Training
Hermosillo has 30 high schools, 7
technical schools, and 8 professional schools. The state industrial park
has established training centers to support the operations of its tenants.
Estimates in Hermosillo typically run
as high as 10% per month in most maquilas. Low wages and agricultural migration
during the harvest season contribute heavily to the total communities high turnover.
Availability of Labor
Population and demographic projections
still point to above average growth, as Mexicali is affected as 37 increased trade,
border migration and higher birth rates. A quick look at maquila employment is