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The Workforce

Hermosillo Workers


Demographic Impact

Over 65% of the Hermosillo population is under 30 years of age. Harvest times can constrict the workforce, many leave to support the family farm or seek migrant work in Arizona's Sonoran Valley. Hermosillo is also a way station or Mexican migrant farm workers. More maquiladora growth in recent years has stabilized the workforce. The influence of the successful Ford Motor plant has also increased the labor force's overall technical skills.


Employment Considerations

333,641 persons economically active between the ages 12 - 49.


Unemployment Percentage

Hermosillo's unemployment ranges from 9% - 11%, depending upon the agriculture season.


Skill Ranking

Hermosillo literacy rate of 95% is above average for border cities, with 88% of its workforce high school graduates and an additional 8% having finished preparatory or technical school.


Education and Training

Hermosillo has 30 high schools, 7 technical schools, and 8 professional schools. The state industrial park has established training centers to support the operations of its tenants.


Turnover Rates

Estimates in Hermosillo typically run as high as 10% per month in most maquilas. Low wages and agricultural migration during the harvest season contribute heavily to the total communities high turnover.

Availability of Labor

Hermosillo Workers Housing

Population and demographic projections still point to above average growth, as Mexicali is affected as 37 increased trade, border migration and higher birth rates. A quick look at maquila employment is Hermosillo reveals:


Employment Size

% of Total Employment

0-49

28%

50-99

32%

100 - 499

28%

500 - 999

12%


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