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Maquiladora Growth

Plants & Employment by Industrial Activity

Period

Oct.'93

Jan.'01

% change 10/1993 to 1/2001

Industry

Plants

Employment

Plants

Employment

Plants

Employment

Textiles, Apparel

399

69,100

1,108

290,700

177.69%

320.69%

Equipment & Tools

45

5,300

49

13,776

8.89%

159.92%

Other Manufacturing

306

57,700

509

146,509

66.34%

153.92%

Electric, Electronic Products, Parts, Components

534

189,500

562

348,162

5.24%

83.73%

Toys and Sporting Goods

41

7,800

59

14,286

43.90%

83.15%

Services

110

26,600

239

49,406

117.27%

85.74%

Automotive Equipment & Accessories

171

124,500

247

241,698

44.44%

94.13%

Food Processing

60

7,300

81

7,838

35.00%

7.37%

Wood, Metallic Furniture & Parts

295

34,500

394

61,207

33.56%

77.41%

Chemical Products

125

15,600

154

26,242

23.20%

68.22%

Shoes and Leather Goods

57

7,600

64

9,321

12.28%

22.64%

TOTAL

2,143

545,500

3,466

1,209,145

61.74%

121.66%


Maqiladora Employment Patterns

Maquiladora Employment Patterns Shifting

Key Changes in Maquiladora Cities

Maquila Scoreboard for Juarez, Mexico

Year

No. of Maquilas

No. of Employees

1980

111

39,402

1981

124

43,994

1982

129

42,695

1983

136

54,073

1984

155

72,495

1985

168

77,592

1986

180

86,526

1987

199

97,805

1988

248

110,999

1989

252

124,386

1990

238

122,231

1991

255

123,971

1992

267

129,146

1993

254

132,046

1994

232

140,405

1995

237

153,322

1996

264

169,133

1997

283

190,674

1998

258

206,897

1999

271

218,413

2000

208

249,509

2001

315

219,907

2004

352

249,562

2006

352

253,937


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