Lack of available labor pool has
traditionally been Nuevo Laredo's greatest detriment to adding new
Maquiladoras. City still serves as a transfer center for north and
Currently (2005) approximately
25,000 people are employed in more than 45 Nuevo Laredo maquilas. More than
7,500 workers are employed in automobile-related assembly and manufacturing.
Laredo averages 10% - 12%, Nuevo Laredo
5% - 8%; representative of its limited labor pool.
Availability of Labor
Still difficult to address in terms
of family stability and growth, family migrations to South Texas were stalled
due to the US Economic Recession and stall of the Texas Economy in the late
80's. Population and demographic projections still point to above average
growth, as expected to accompany increased trade, border migration and higher
A number of larger maquilas have
located in the Nuevo Laredo since 1992, though most still provide minimal
levels of technology transfer to the local workforce. Sony is the limited
exception in Nuevo Laredo.
Education and Training
A successful training center with
Laredo Junior College has been supplying skilled technicians to Nuevo Laredo
maquiladoras and support organizations, for the past several years. A number
of training schools exist in Nuevo Laredo. Approximately 100 young engineers
receive a bachelor’s degree every year from the Nuevo Laredo’s Institute of
Technology. This college graduates are widely hired by maquiladora plants.
Students are trained with U.S. textbooks, majoring in production, electronic,
mechanical, computer systems and industrial engineering.
In general terms, turnover is lower
in Nuevo Laredo because of a smaller labor pool and fewer choices for workers
to find other job sites. Estimates typically run 5% - 8% per month.