Tecate has not experienced the massive
growth that has plagued Tijuana in the past decade. Workers have many options
in the smaller shops, though transportation can be a problem. Skilled technical
and university-educated workers are often lured to higher paying jobs in Tijuana.
Harvest times often constrict the workforce, many leave to support the family
farm or seek migrant work in California's Imperial Valley.
Currently almost 6,00 people are employed
in Tecate maquilas. The shelter style with small run assembly operations are the
most common arrangement. In 1990, Mexican census counted 18,597 males and 17,969
females in the economically active age range of 15 - 49.
Tecate unemployment ranges from 8% -10%,
depending upon the agriculture season. There is no measurable US percentage from
Tecate, California, the Minuscule sister city across the International Border from
Larger maquilas have not located in Tecate
in the last five years, so there is little reason to expect comparable skill levels
with Tijuana. Tecate's literacy rate of 93.4% is average for border cities; with
81% of its workforce high school graduates and an additional 12% having finished
preparatory or technical school.
Education and Training
Tecate has several technical schools,
and a university supported by Tijuana faculty.
Estimates in Tecate typically run as
high as 20% per month in some smaller maquilas. Smaller shops for less do not
continue worker education. Agricultural migration also contributes heavily to
Tecate's high turnover.
Availability of Labor
Population and demographic projections
still point to only average growth, as Tecate is not as affected as Tijuana by
increased trade, border migration and higher birth rates. A quick look at maquila
employment in Tecate reveals: